One of the most common lung diseases is asthma. People of any age can get this disease. Asthma usually starts in childhood, but many people have their first asthma attack in adulthood.

The way to eliminate asthma is still unknown to medical science. However, there are some simple treatments. With these treatments, you can keep asthma symptoms under control so that the disease does not interfere with your normal life.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

The main symptoms are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness: it may feel as if a belt is tight around the chest.

Symptoms may worsen temporarily. Then it is called an asthma attack.

When do you go to the doctor?

Other diseases, besides asthma, may have similar symptoms. Therefore, a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment are very important. If you think you or your child has asthma, you should seek help from a doctor. Doctors can usually diagnose asthma by listening to the symptoms and doing some simple tests.

What is the treatment for asthma?

Asthma is usually treated with inhalers. An inhaler is a small device that delivers medicine into the body through inhalation.

Inhalers are mainly of two types. For example:

Reliever inhalers: These inhalers are used to quickly relieve asthma symptoms. Its effectiveness lasts for a short period.

Preventer Inhaler: This inhaler is used daily to prevent asthma symptoms.

Some patients may need to take medication in addition to an inhaler.

What are the causes of asthma?

The airways that bring air to the lungs swell (as a result of inflammation), which causes asthma. The airways become hypersensitive and temporarily narrow.

Certain things can trigger asthma. Some of the most common causes are:

  • Allergy Such as allergies to animal dander, pollen, dust mites, etc.
  • Smoke or environmental pollution
  • Cold wind
  • Physical exercise
  • Illnesses like colds or viral infections

By identifying these triggers and avoiding them, symptoms can be controlled.


How long does asthma last?

Asthma is a long-term disease for many, especially those whose disease begins in adulthood. Asthma in children often gets better or improves during adolescence. However, the disease may return later in life.

Symptoms can usually be controlled with treatment. Most people can lead normal lives. However, for people with relatively severe asthma, the disease can interfere with their daily activities.

What are the complications of this disease?

Although asthma can usually be kept under control, remember that it is a complex disease that can cause a variety of problems. It is important to do the following two things:

  • Adherence to regular treatment regimens
  • Do not ignore symptoms if they worsen.

Uncontrolled asthma can cause several problems. For example:

  • Always tired
  • Stress, anxiety, and depression
  • Lung infection (pneumonia)
  • Delays in child growth or puberty
  • Absence or decreased performance at work or school
  • Disruption of daily activities and leisure due to a sudden need to go to the hospital or doctor

In some cases, there is a risk of severe asthma attacks, which can be fatal.

Written By Dr. Ima Islam


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