Diabetes and Oral Health: Understanding the Crucial Connection for Well-Being.

Diabetes and Oral Health

Explore the critical link between diabetes and oral health. Learn proactive strategies for a healthier smile and overall well-being.

A diabetic patient should take care of the inner parts of the mouth, such as the teeth, gums, and tongue. Because if there is inflammation or infection in any part of the teeth, gums, tongue, or cheek, such patients will not have sugar under control.

When less saliva flows into the mouth, the risk of tooth and gum disease and other oral problems increases.

These problems can be prevented by taking good care of teeth and gums with regular scaling and necessary treatment.

Saliva in the mouth washes away food particles to prevent tooth decay, prevents bacterial growth, and fights acid produced by bacteria. Saliva contains minerals, which help protect oral tissues and prevent tooth decay.

If saliva decreases in uncontrolled diabetes, dental caries or tooth decay increases.

Diabetes and some medications used to treat it can cause the salivary glands in the mouth to produce less saliva.

Diabetes and oral health, Diabetes can also increase the amount of glucose in the saliva. In this, harmful bacteria mix with food to form a soft, sticky film, which causes cavities or tooth decay.

If food plaque is not removed, it can build up on the teeth near the gum line and become a hard coating called tartar, which can cause gum disease.

Gum Disease:

Gum disease (periodontal gum disease) is the most common diabetes-related oral disease. Left untreated, the condition can range from swollen or bleeding gums to tooth loss.

  • The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. When plaque and tartar build up on the teeth near the gums, the gums become irritated and inflamed. Gums may become red and swollen and may bleed easily, such as when brushing teeth or eating hard fruit.
  • If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. The gums move away from the teeth, creating pockets, which gradually become infected. Bacteria and infections in the mouth cause the bone and tissues that hold the teeth together, such as the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone, to break down. Teeth may become loose and may even need to be removed. Sometimes it can fall off on its own.
  • Dry mouth and a lack of saliva can lead to mouth ulcers and other infections.

Diabetes and Oral Health:

In summary, Diabetes and oral health comprehending and handling the complex connection between diabetes and dental health is critical for overall well being. People with diabetes ought to prioritize their oral hygiene first in order to reduce their greater likelihood of dental problems. Maintaining good oral hygiene, coordinating with medical specialists, and scheduling regular checkups with the dentist all help to keep teeth healthy and lower the risk of diabetes-related issues. Proactively managing diabetes alongside preserving dental health creates a balanced environment that increases the general well-being of those managing this serious condition.

How to keep the mouth healthy:

  • Blood glucose levels need to be kept within certain limits. The doctor will set the goals.
  • Follow the nutritionist’s meal plan based on weight, height, and age.
  • Have regular checkups with the dentist. He will adjust the daily routine as needed.

Smoking or the use of other tobacco products must be stopped. Along with that, twice a day—morning and night—after meals, brushing the teeth, using dental floss, and gargling with warm salt water are necessary.

Professor Dr. Arup Ratan Chowdhury, Honorary Senior Consultant, Department of Dentistry, Bardem General Hospital

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