Eczema is a type of skin disease that is medically called atopic dermatitis. The main cause of eczema is hereditary. But it is not a contagious disease. People suffering from this disease may have allergic diseases such as asthma or hay fever.
Ways to understand eczema
This disease causes inflammation in some parts of the skin. The affected area is red. The pustule grows, itches, oozes, and crusts. If it persists for long periods of time, extremely dry skin may become cracked, thickened, itchy, and rashy.
Eczema is completely cured with long-term treatment. Therefore, affected patients need regular treatment to lead a normal life and cure the disease.
Why does eczema occur?
Exposure to chemicals, detergents, soaps, or shampoos can cause eczema. Allergic substances like pollen, house dust, animal dander, wool, etc. cause hormonal imbalances, especially during menstruation and pregnancy, that lead to eczema. Eczema can occur in excessively hot or cold and damp weather.
There are several types of eczema
Atopic Eczema: Atopic eczema occurs on body folds such as behind the knees, in front of the elbows, the chest, face, and neck.
Allergic contact eczema: A substance or object can cause this type of eczema. In the beginning, a red rash appears on the part of the body where the allergy occurs. Gradually, it spreads to other parts of the body.
Irritant Contact Eczema: This is similar to allergic eczema and is usually caused by overuse of soaps or detergents.
Who is at risk?
Eczema usually occurs when the child is under five years of age. This rate is very low in adults.
What is the treatment?
Eczema is completely cured with long-term treatment. Therefore, affected patients need regular treatment to lead a normal life and cure the disease. Ways to prevent eczema include:
- Stay away from alkaline soaps, detergents, and gasoline as much as possible.
- Avoid synthetic and woolen clothes.
- It is good to bathe with warm water throughout the year.
- Apply moisturizer immediately after showering while the body is still wet.
- Always wear soft cotton clothes. Clean your clothes regularly. Avoid tight-fitting, tight-fitting clothing.
- Fingernails should be kept short at all times. If the fingernails are short, the fear of infection will be reduced.
- Coconut oil, aloe vera gel, or apple cider vinegar are also helpful. They can be used all over the skin, especially on affected areas.
- Emotional stress aggravates eczema. So reduce stress.
Dr. Zaheed Parvez, Associate Professor,
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Shaheed Suhrwardy Medical College & Hospital
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