Responses to frequently asked questions on diabetes

frequently asked questions on diabetes

What is the home remedy for diabetes? How much diabetes is normal after eating on an empty stomach? This article presents answers to all common questions about diabetes.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that causes the blood sugar level to be much higher than normal. The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which controls the amount of sugar in your blood. The pancreas, located behind the stomach, produces this hormone. Insulin takes sugar (glucose) from the blood into cells and breaks it down to produce energy when food is digested and enters your blood. But if you have diabetes, your body cannot break down sugar and glucose to produce energy in this way.

If you have diabetes, it is better to start treatment quickly with the doctor’s advice. Early treatment reduces the risk of diabetes and other diseases. What is diabetes? 

What are the home remedies to reduce diabetes?


To cure diabetes, follow a healthy diet and get enough exercise. If this does not reduce the diabetes, medication may be required.

Food: For a healthy and balanced diet, you need to include a variety of healthy foods in your daily diet. At the same time, certain foods must be eaten in moderation, such as sugar, salt, and fatty foods. One should not consume these foods as much as they are typically consumed. Eat food on time; do not miss any meals.

Exercise:

Regular physical activity will help lower blood sugar levels. Try to exercise for at least two and a half hours per week. Even if you do only 30 minutes of exercise every five days of the week, it will be two and a half hours of physical work in a week.

Medication:

If adequate exercise and a balanced diet do not reduce diabetes, you may need to take medication. Each person needs to take different types and doses of medication to control diabetes, and may even need to take multiple medications in combination. Many people may need insulin to treat their diabetes. Your doctor will tell you which medicine is right for you.

How much diabetes is normal?


Normal blood sugar levels depend on how you measure them. Typically, individuals measure diabetes by using a glucometer to obtain blood from blood vessels in the fingertip at home or at the pharmacy. In contrast, healthcare professionals measure blood sugar by extracting blood from a vein in a hospital lab. Blood sugar points measured in glucometers may be slightly higher than those reported in the hospital. We present the usual dimensions of both methods.

Diabetes is measured with a glucometer:


If a healthy person measures diabetes with a glucometer, it is considered normal if the blood sugar level is 4-6 points (mmol/l) before a meal and below 8 points 2 hours after a meal.

Diabetes is measured in a hospital lab:


On an empty stomach:

Your intravenous blood sugar level should be around 5.5 points (mmol/l) on an empty stomach. This condition is called pre-diabetes if the sugar level falls between 6.1 and 6.9 points (mmol/l). Pre-diabetes refers to the condition when you have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and an increased risk of various other diseases, including heart disease. You can take this condition as a warning and focus on living a healthy life.

On a full stomach:

It is normal for blood sugar levels to rise slightly on a full stomach or after a meal. However, if this level increases by more than 7.8 points (mmol/l), it is considered pre-diabetes. And if it is more than 11.1 points, it goes to the level of diabetes. In these cases, it is better to start treatment quickly with the doctor’s advice. Early treatment can greatly reduce the risk of other diseases associated with diabetes.

What is the level of sugar needed to understand diabetes?


Normally, if the blood sugar level goes above 7 points (mmol/l), we call it diabetes. But this calculation is empty stomach. If the blood sugar level exceeds 11.1 points on a full stomach or 2 hours after a meal, the doctor diagnoses diabetes. In this case, it is important to start treatment quickly with the doctor’s advice. Early treatment reduces the risk of diabetes and other diseases.

How much is diabetes on an empty stomach?


It is best to keep your blood sugar level around 5.5 points (mmol/l) on an empty stomach. The condition is called pre-diabetes if the blood sugar level is between 5.5 and 6.9 points. If it goes above 7 points, we call it diabetes.

Is diabetes cured forever?

Following a healthy diet and exercising regularly helps keep blood sugar levels under control. Then there is no need to take diabetes medicine or insulin. However, it is important to remember that it is not possible for everyone to bring blood sugar levels to normal levels through a diabetes diet and exercise.

Diet Cola:

Diabetics should avoid regular cola (any soda) as well as diet cola. Because soda contains extra sugar, calories, and caffeine.

What should I do?

To maintain an ideal weight, and control cholesterol, blood sugar, and blood pressure, eat a healthy, balanced diet that is low in saturated fat, sugar, and salt. Green vegetables, fruits, whole grains, pulses, meat, fish, dairy products, etc. are part of a healthy diet. Avoid sweets and foods high in sugar. Avoid sweet foods that contain soda. Monitoring calories is important.

However, if you decide to use artificial sweeteners, talk to a diabetes doctor for advice. Also check the information on the packaging of the respective sweetener, including the ingredients.

Dr. Shahzada Salim, Associate Professor, Department of Endocrinology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical

Why is sugar high?


The main cause of high blood sugar is the disruption of the hormone insulin in the body. Insulin controls the amount of sugar in your blood. The pancreas, located behind the stomach, produces this hormone. Insulin takes sugar (glucose) from the blood into cells and breaks it down to produce energy when food is digested and enters your blood. But if you have diabetes, your body cannot break down sugar and glucose to produce energy in this way.

Diabetes is often associated with the following:

  • Overweight,
  • The lack of physical activity is a significant concern.
  • Having a family member such as a father, mother, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes

What is the best way to reduce sugar at home?

There is no one specific food that will cure you of diabetes. However, several studies have linked diabetes with overweight and a lack of physical activity. So losing weight can be the first step in bringing diabetes under control by lowering blood sugar at home.

Weight loss diet: Following a balanced, healthy diet is essential for weight loss. The food list should be such that there are adequate amounts of all the nutrients, and the amount of food should be moderate so that it helps in weight loss.

Exercise for weight loss:

Regular exercise is important to lose weight and control diabetes. Try to exercise at least two and a half hours per week.
Thus, you may need medication if your weight and blood sugar are not under control.

What is the new way to treat diabetes?

Doctors and scientists are constantly researching new ways to completely cure diabetes through treatment. However, researchers have not yet discovered a new treatment that can completely eradicate diabetes. In the treatment of diabetes, doctors recommend following a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking medicines as needed.

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